"Teachers: Nikki neuron reminds you to check the standards tables in the front of the toolkit to see which ones apply for this lesson and your subject area."
■ List psychological (psychotherapy) and biological (medication) treatments for depression.
■ Explain other options that a depressed person or friends and family can use to deal with depression.
■ Identify prevention efforts that may help with depression.
Suggestions for Presentation of Material
■ Involve students in a discussion about ways to treat depression from what they already know; write answers on the board.
■ Circle those answers that are most appropriate.
■ Write treatment options on the board and ask if anyone knows anything about any of them. Discuss the connection between medications, psychotherapy and brain function.
■ Ask the students what they would tell a friend to do if the friend said he or she was depressed.
■ Ask what types of professionals are trained to treat depression.
■ Ask students how they think one might be able to prevent depression.
■ Which antidepressants are the students familiar with?
Key Points of Discussion
■ Psychosocial and behavioral therapies (CBT, IPT)
■ The classes of antidepressants – TCAs, SSRIs, and other medications
■ Risks and uncertainties associated with herbal treatments for depression. Recent research has found St. John’s Wort to be no more effective than placebo.
■ Effectiveness of alternative therapies for depression.
■ Electro-convulsive therapy – its legitimate role in treatment of severe depression, benefits and side effects, focusing on correcting the popular but mistaken notion that shock therapy is barbaric and harmful.
■ TMS – transcranial magnetic stimulation as a promising new treatment
■ Social support and the involvement of others what others can do to help
■ Self-help measures to reduce depression
■ Nutrition, lifestyle and other preventive approaches
CBT - cognitive behavioral therapy
IPT - interpersonal therapy
TCA - tricyclic antidepressants
SSRI - selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
St. John’s Wort
ECT – Electroconvulsive therapy/shock therapy
TMS - transcranial magnetic stimulation
Sponsored by the UAMS College of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry’s Partners in Behavioral Health Sciences program which is made possible by support from a Science Education Partnership Award (R25 RR15976) from the National Center for Research Resources at the National Institutes of Health.