Demographics includes characteristics of people in a population, such as race, ethnicity, and age.
The demographic characteristics of a community are important because some health conditions are
more common in certain groups. Some examples include: Total Population, Number of African-American Residents, etc.
Social and economic factors, such as family structure, housing, crime, and poverty,
affect health in many ways, both directly and indirectly. Some examples include median
income, violent crime, etc.
Access to health care includes information about health providers and insurance.
The health of people within a population is greatly dependent upon their access to
good quality health care. Some examples include: Percent Uninsured, Total Number of Hospitals, etc.
Risk behaviors are behaviors that can negatively affect health, including inactivity, poor diet, and substance abuse.
Some examples include Number of Smokers, Binge Drinking, etc.
Preventive behaviors are positive steps that people can take to improve their health,
including health tests and screenings, a good diet, and regular physical activity.
Some examples include Percent recieving flu shots, mammograms, etc.
Health outcomes includes information about diseases and death. The statistics that are in
this category are heavily dependent upon the indicators from other categories, such as
Access to Health Care and Risk Behavior. Some examples are Number of Residents Obese, Diabetes Deaths, etc.