Public Health in Arkansas Communities Search  
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Health Indicator Definitions

The health indicators for each category are listed below. Click on the indicator name to view a map on how the indicator is represented across the state.

Demographics

IndicatorDescription
Number of Asian (alone) ResidentsNumber of the population that identify as Asian (Non Hispanic)
Number of American Indian and Alaska Native (alone) ResidentsNumber of the population that identify as American Indian and Alaska Native (Non Hispanic)
Number of African-American ResidentsNumber of the population that identify as African-American, non-Hispanic.
Number of White ResidentsNumber of the population that identify as white non-Hispanic
Number of Hispanic/Latino ResidentsNumber of the population that identify as Hispanic or Latino
Total PopulationTotal Population
Total Adult PopulationTotal Adult Population
Percent of Asian (alone) ResidentsPercent of the population that identify as Asian (Non Hispanic)
Percent of American Indian and Alaska Native (alone) ResidentsPercent of the population that identify as American Indian and Alaska Native (Non Hispanic)
Percent of African-American ResidentsPercent of the population that identify as African-American, non-Hispanic
Percent of White ResidentsPercent of the population that identify as white non-Hispanic.
Percent of Young ResidentsPercent of Population 18 and Younger
Percent of Elderly ResidentsPercent of Population 65 and Older
Percent of Hispanic/Latino ResidentsPercent of the population that identify as Hispanic or Latino
Percent of People that were Foreign-bornPercent of people that are foreign-born
Percent of People that were born in USPercent of people that are native-born
Percent of Households with ChildrenPercent of households with children
Percent of Households that do not speak EnglishPercent of households that are linguistically isolated
Percent of Spanish-Speaking Households that don’t speak EnglishPercent of spanish-speaking households that are linguistically isolated
Percent of Households that speak another language other than EnglishPercent of households speaking language other than english in the home
Percent of Households with no ChildrenPercent of households without children
Population Density RateNumber of persons per square mile. Population density affects accessibility to healthcare, the availability of re-sources, and the adequacy of social support.

Social Environment

IndicatorDescription
Childcare Capacity of Licensed FacilitiesChildcare Total Capacity of Licensed Facilities
Median Cost of RentMedian cost of rent
Median Cost of Rent as Percentage of IncomeMedian cost of rent as a percentage of household income
Violent CrimeThe number of reported violent crimes per 1,000 residents. Violent crime, which includes murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, reflects public safety and quality of life.
Median Household IncomeMedian Household Income
Count of Food Stamp (SNAP) CasesCount of Food Stamp Cases
Number of Persons in Food Stamps (SNAP) ProgramNumber of Persons Based on Household Size, which could include household members not eligible for participation in the Food Stamp program
Number of Unsubstantiated Child Abuse ReportsNumber of Child Abuse Reports Determined Unsubstantiated
Number of True Child Abuse ReportsNumber of Child Abuse Reports Determined True; Child abuse rates are another reflection of quality of life.
Population with a College Degree or HigherPopulation Age 25 and Older With a College Degree or Higher. Higher levels of education completion are associated with better health out-comes.
Child Poverty PopulationNumber of Population 18 and Younger Below Poverty Line
Population Under PovertyNumber of Population Under Poverty Line
Percent with a College Degree or HigherPercent of the Population Age 25 and Older with a College Degree or Higher. Higher levels of education completion are associated with better health out-comes.
Percent of Grandparents who are primary caregiversPercent of grandparents who are the primary caregivers for their grandchildren
Percent of Elderly Living in PovertyPercent of population 65 and older living below poverty line; Poverty among the elderly gives insight to the quality of life enjoyed by older residents.
Percent of Households with Single ParentPercent of family households with children, with only 1 caregiver present (single parent family)
Percent of Population Under PovertyPercent of Population Under Poverty Line
Percent with Child PovertyThe percent of persons under age 18 living below the federal poverty line. Child poverty rates help us understand the quality of life enjoyed by Arkansas’ children, and give insight into the future health of the state.
Percent of People with some High School educationPercent of people age 25 and older with 9th-12th grade education, but no high school diploma or equivalency
Percent of People with some College educationPercent of people age 25 and older with at least some college education
Percent of People with High School DiplomaPercent of people age 25 and older with high school diploma or equivalent
Percent of People with Less than 9th grade educationPercent of people age 25 and older with less than 9th grade education
Percent of True Child Abuse ReportsReports of child abuse determined to be true per 1,000 children. Child abuse rates are another reflection of quality of life. The rate of true re-ports of child abuse tends to be higher in the northern and rural areas of the state.
Housing HardshipPercent of households in a county that pay 30 percent or more of their household income on housing costs.
Unemployment Annual AverageUnemployment Annual Average; Annual average unemployment rate. Unemployment is linked to poverty and lack of insurance, and is associated with poorer health outcomes.
Average WagesAverage Wages; Per capita personal income. Persons with greater income tend to have better health outcomes.
Food Stamp (SNAP) Applications ApprovedNumber of Food Stamp Applications Approved
Food Stamp (SNAP) Applications DeclinedNumber of Food Stamp Applications Declined
Total Children in Foster CareTotal Children in Foster Care

Access to Health Care

IndicatorDescription
Elderly persons with MedicareHospital Insurance and or/supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)-aged persons enrolled
Number of Adults with No Personal DoctorNumber of Adults (18 and Older) with No Personal Doctor. People without personal doctors are less likely to receive preventive care.
Number of Adults with No Health InsuranceNumber of Adults (18 and older) with No Health Insurance. People without health insurance are less likely to receive preventive care and are more likely to have poor health outcomes.
Number of DentistsNumber of Dentist per 10,000 residents.
Number of PhysiciansPrimary Care Physicians per 10,000 population.
Medicaid EligibleNumber of persons eligible for medicaid
Total Number of Hospitals Total Number of Hospitals. Most residents of the state have access to one or more hospitals, but there are still a few pockets of rural counties where none exist.
Percent of Adults with No Personal DoctorPercent of Adults (18 and Older) with No Personal Doctor. People without personal doctors are less likely to receive preventive care.
Percent of Adults with No Health InsurancePercent of Adults (18 and Older) with No Health Insurance. People without health insurance are less likely to receive preventive care and are more likely to have poor health outcomes.
Percent Uninsured Ages 0-19Percent of Arkansans under age 20 without health insurance
Percent Uninsured Ages 0-64Percent of Arkansans under age 65 without health insurance
Percent Uninsured Ages 18-64Percent of Arkansans age 18-64 without health insurance
Percent Uninsured Ages 40-64Percent of Arkansans age 40-64 without health insurance
Medicaid Percent EligiblePercent of persons eligible for medicaid

Preventive Care and Screenings

IndicatorDescription
Children with Age Appropriate VaccinationsChildren Age 2-3 with Age Appropriate Vaccinations
Number of Adults Meeting Moderate Physical Activity RecommendationNumber of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Meeting Moderate Physical Activity Recommendation
Number of Adults Meeting Vigorous Physical Activity RecommendationNumber of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Meeting Vigorous Physical Activity Recommendation
Number of Adults That Meet Physical Activity RecommendationNumber of Adults (18 and Older) That Meet Physical Activity Recommendation - 30 or more minutes of moderate physical activity 5 or more days per week or vigorous physical activity for 20 or more minutes 3 or more days per week
Percent of Elderly with No Pneumonia ShotPercent of Adults (65 and Older) Reporting No Pneumonia Shot
Percent of Elderly with No Flu ShotPercent of Adults (65 and Older) Reporting No Flu Shot in Past Year. Influenza vaccinations are especially important for the elderly and the very young, since these groups typically have higher influenza mortality rates.
Percent of Adults Meeting Moderate Physical Activity RecommendationPercent of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Meeting Moderate Physical Activity Recommendation
Percent of Adults Meeting Vigorous Physical Activity RecommendationPercent of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Meeting Vigorous Physical Activity Recommendation
Percent of Adults That Meet Physical Activity RecommendationPercent of Adults (18 and Older) That Meet Physical Activity Recommendation - 30 or more minutes of moderate physical activity 5 or more days per week or vigorous physical activity for 20 or more minutes 3 or more days per week
Percent of Adults with No HIV TestPercent of Adults (18 through 64) Reporting No HIV Test. Many people who are HIV-positive do not know it, putting their own health and that of their loved ones’ at risk.
Percent of Adults Never Having Colorectal ExamsPercent of Adults (50 and Older) Reporting Never Having Sigmoidoscopy or Colonoscopy. Colon cancer a silent killer, making early detection key.
Percent of Males with No Recent Prostate Cancer Screening (PSA)Percent of Adult Males (40 and Older) Reporting No PSA Test in 2 Years. The prostate-specific antigen test is a non-invasive prostate cancer screening that is recommended for men over the age of 40.
Percent of Women with Early Prenatal CareMothers receiving early prenatal care as a percentage of all live births. Mothers who receive early prenatal care are more likely to have full-term, healthy babies.
Percent of Women with No Recent Pap TestPercent of Adult Women (18 and Older) Reporting No Pap Test in the Past 3 Years. Pap smears help detect cervical cancer and sexually transmitted diseases, and are recommended for women over the age of 18.
Percent of Women with No Recent MammogramPercent of Adult Women (40 and Older) Reporting No Mammogram in Past 2 Years. Mammograms help save lives by detecting breast cancer early, and the American Cancer Society recommends that women over the age of 40 be regularly screened.

Behavioral Risks

IndicatorDescription
Lifetime Use of Alcohol by 6th GradePercent of 6th grade students reporting every having regularly used alcohol
Lifetime Use of Alcohol by 12th GradePercent of 12th grade students reporting every having regularly used alcohol
Lifetime Use of Cigarettes by 12th GradePercent of 12th grade students reporting every having regularly smoked cigarettes
Lifetime Use of Cigarettes by 6th GradePercent of 6th grade students reporting every having regularly smoked cigarettes
Lifetime Use of Any Drug by 12th GradePercent of 12th grade students reporting every having regularly used drugs
Lifetime Use of Any Drug by 6th GradePercent of 6th grade students reporting every having regularly used drugs
Lifetime Use of Chewing Tobacco by 12th GradePercent of 12th grade students reporting every having regularly used chewing tobacco
Lifetime Use of Chewing Tobacco by 6th GradePercent of 6th grade students reporting every having regularly used chewing tobacco
Binge Drinking, 12th GradePercent of 12th grade students reporting binge drinking.
Binge Drinking, 6th GradePercent of 6th grade students reporting binge drinking.
Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 days, by 12th gradePercent of 12th grade students reporting past 30 day use of alcohol.
Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 days, by 6th gradePercent of 6th grade students reporting past 30 day use of alcohol.
Any Cigarette Use in the Past 30 days, by 12th gradePercent of 12th grade students reporting past 30 day use of cigarettes.
Any Cigarette Use in the Past 30 days, by 6th gradePercent of 6th grade students reporting past 30 day use of cigarettes.
Any Drug Use in the Past 30 days, by 12th gradePercent of 12th grade students reporting past 30 day use of any drug.
Any Drug Use in the Past 30 days, by 6th gradePercent of 6th grade students reporting past 30 day use of any drug.
Any Chewing Tobacco Use in the Past 30 days, by 12th gradePercent of 12th grade students reporting past 30 day use of chewing tobacco.
Any Chewing Tobacco Use in the Past 30 days, by 6th gradePercent of 6th grade students reporting past 30 day use of chewing tobacco.
Average Age of First Cigarette, 6th gradeThe average age of first cigarette among 6th graders who reported cigarette use.
Average Age of First Regular Alcohol Use, 12th gradeThe average age of first regular alcohol among 12th graders who reported alcohol use.
Average Age of First Regular Alcohol Use, 6th gradeThe average age of first regular alcohol among 6th graders who reported alcohol use.
Average Age of First Cigarette, 12th gradeThe average age of first cigarette among 12th graders who reported cigarette use.
Average Age of First Alcoholic Drink, 12th gradeThe average age of first alcohol among 12th graders who reported alcohol use.
Average Age of First Alcoholic Drink, 6th gradeThe average age of first alcohol among 6th graders who reported alcohol use.
Number of Adult SmokersNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Being Smokers. Smoking is related to cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, and many other negative health outcomes.
Number of Adults Consuming Few Fruits and VegetablesNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Consuming Less than 5 Fruits or Vegetables a Day. “Five a day” is a standard recommendation for minimum fruit and vegetable in-take. People who do not meet this recommendation increase their risk of chronic disease, obesity, and cancer.
Number of Adults Reporting Binge DrinkingNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Binge Drinking. Binge-drinking has both short-term and long-term harmful effects. It raises the risk of alcohol-related injury, cancer, liver diseases, brain damage, and mental illness.
Number of Adults Reporting No ExerciseNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting No Exercise in the Past 30 Days. Regular physical activity is important to maintain a healthy weight and avoid chronic disease.
Percent of Adults Reporting No ExercisePercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting No Exercise in the Past 30 Days. Regular physical activity is important to maintain a healthy weight and avoid chronic disease.
Percent of Adult SmokersPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Being Smokers. Smoking is related to cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, and many other negative health outcomes.
Percent of Adults Consuming Few Fruits and VegetablesPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Consuming Less than 5 Fruits or Vegetables a Day. “Five a day” is a standard recommendation for minimum fruit and vegetable in-take. People who do not meet this recommendation increase their risk of chronic disease, obesity, and cancer.
Percent of Adults Reporting Binge DrinkingPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Binge Drinking. Binge-drinking has both short-term and long-term harmful effects. It raises the risk of alcohol-related injury, cancer, liver diseases, brain damage, and mental illness.

Health Outcomes and Mortality

IndicatorDescription
Low Birth WeightPercent of low birth weight infants as a percent of live births. Low birth weight is less than 2500 grams (5 1/2 pounds)
Life ExpectancyThe average life time (in years) from birth for both sexes.
Traffic Fatalities Related To Drugs or AlcoholTraffic Fatalities Which Were Related To Drugs or Alcohol
Preventable HospitalizationsPreventable hospital stays are measured as the hospital discharge rate for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions per 1,000 Medicare enrollees.
Colon and Rectum Cancer IncidenceColon and Rectum Cancer Incidence Age-adjusted rate per 100,000 persons
Prostate Cancer IncidenceProstate Cancer Incidence Age-adjusted rate per 100,000 men
Breast Cancer IncidenceBreast Cancer Incidence Age-adjusted rate per 100,000 women
Lung and Bronchus Cancer IncidenceLung and Bronchus Cancer Incidence Age-adjusted rate per 100,000 persons
Overall Mortality All Causes (Age Adjusted Rate)Overall Mortality All Causes (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) ="All Causes" Age-Adjusted Rate
Accident Deaths (Crude Rate)Accident Deaths (Crude Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01-X59,Y85-Y86)" Crude Rate
Infant DeathsInfant Deaths For Cause of Death = "All Causes. (ICD10 Codes A00-Y99)". The Infant Mortality Rate is the number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births. This measure is perhaps the most important and widely used indicator of mortality among infants. Not only is the infant mortality rate a measure of deaths of infants, it is also an excellent gauge for the overall health of a community, as it is associated with a wide range of social and economic factors. The infant mortality rate is calculated by dividing the number of deaths to infants under the age of 365 days occurring in a year by the number of births occurring in that same year, and multiplying by 1,000. For example, there were 307 infant deaths and 36,982 live births in Arkansas in 2001. The Infant Mortality Rate = (307 / 36,982) X 1,000 = 8.3 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.
Premature DeathPremature Death Years of Potential Life Lost Under Age 75
Accident Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate)Accident Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Accidents (unintentional injuries) (V01-X59,Y85-Y86)" Age-Adjusted Rate
Cancer Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate)Cancer Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Malignant neoplasms (C00-C97)" Age-Adjusted Rate
Lung Cancer Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate)Lung Cancer Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung (C33–C34)" Age-Adjusted Rate
Lung Cancer Deaths (Crude Rate)Lung Cancer Deaths (Crude Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lung (C33–C34)" Crude Rate
Breast Cancer Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate)Breast Cancer Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) ="Malignant neoplasms of the breast (C50 Subset of Cause 019)" Age-Adjusted Rate
Breast Cancer Deaths (Crude Rate)Breast Cancer Deaths (Crude Rate) ; For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Malignant neoplasms of the breast (C50 Subset of Cause 019)" Crude Rate
Diabetes Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate)Diabetes Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) ="Diabetes mellitus (E10-E14)" Age-Adjusted Rate
Diabetes Deaths (Crude Rate)Diabetes Deaths (Crude Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Diabetes mellitus (E10-E14)" Crude Rate
Cardiovascular Disease Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate)Cardiovascular Disease Deaths (Age Adjusted Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Major cardiovascular diseases (I00–I78)" Age-Adjusted Rate
Cardiovascular Disease Deaths (Crude Rate)Cardiovascular Deaths (Crude Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Major cardiovascular diseases (I00–I78)" Crude Rate
Number of Adults with ArthritisNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Arthritis
Number of Adults with AsthmaNumber of Arkansas Adult (Age 18+) Reporting Being Doctor Diagnosed with Asthma
Number of Adults with Coronary Heart DiseaseNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Coronary Heart Disease
Number of Adults with DiabetesNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Diabetes
Number of Adults with HypertensionNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Hypertension
Number of Adults with High Blood CholesterolNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed High Blood Cholesterol
Number of Adults Reporting Poor Physical HealthNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Being Physically Unhealthy in Past 30 Days
Number of Adults Reporting Poor Mental HealthNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Mental Health Not Good for 14 or More Days
Number of Adults Reporting Poor Mental or Physical HealthNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Poor Physical or Mental Days on 14 or More of the Past 30 Days
Number of Adults Reporting Being ObeseNumber of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Reporting Being Obese (BMI >= 30.0)
Number of Adults Reporting Being OverweightNumber of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Reporting Being Overweight (BMI >=25.0 - 30.0)
Number of Adults Reporting being Overweight or ObeseNumber of Adults (18 and Older) Overweight or Obese. Reported having a BMI (Body Mass Index) >= 25.0
Preterm BirthsPreterm Births as a percentage of live births. Preterm is less than 37 completed weeks of gestation.
Percent of Adults with ArthritisPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Arthritis
Percent of Adults with AsthmaPercent of Arkansas Adult (Age 18+) Reporting Being Doctor Diagnosed with Asthma
Percent of Adults with Coronary Heart DiseasePercent of Adults (18 and older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Coronary Heart Disease
Percent of Adults with DiabetesPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Diabetes
Percent of Adults with HypertensionPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed Hypertension
Percent of Adults with High Blood CholesterolPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Having Doctor Diagnosed High Blood Cholesterol
Percent of Adults Reporting Poor Physical HealthPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Being Physically Unhealthy in Past 30 Day
Percent of Adults Reporting Poor Mental HealthPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Mental Health Not Good for 14 or More Days
Percent of Adults Reporting Poor Mental or Physical HealthPercent of Adults (18 and Older) Reporting Poor Physical or Mental Days on 14 or More of the Past 30 Days
Percent of Adults Reporting Being ObesePercent of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Reporting Being Obese (BMI >= 30.0)
Percent of Adults Reporting Being OverweightPercent of Arkansas Adults (Age 18+) Reporting Being Overweight (BMI >=25.0 - 30.0)
Percent of Adults Reporting being Overweight or ObesePercent of Adults (18 and Older) Overweight or Obese. Reported having a BMI (Body Mass Index) >= 25.0
Percentage of Underweight StudentsPercentage of Students Assessed by Arkansas Public School District that are underweight according to BMI assessments
Percentage of Students Underweight or a Healthy WeightPercentage of Students Assessed by Arkansas Public School District that are underweight or a healthy weight according to BMI assessments
Percentage of Obese StudentsPercentage of Students Assessed by Arkansas Public School District that are obese according to BMI assessments
Percentage of Healthy Weight StudentsPercentage of Students Assessed by Arkansas Public School District that are a healthy weight according to BMI assessments
Percentage of Overweight StudentsPercentage of Students Assessed by Arkansas Public School District that are overweight according to BMI assessments
Percentage of Students Overweight or ObesePercentage of Students Assessed by Arkansas Public School District that are overweight or obese according to BMI assessments
Overall Mortality All Causes (Crude Rate)Overall Mortality All Causes (Crude Rate); For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "All Causes" Crude Rate
Homicide Rate (Age Adjusted Rate)Homicide Rate (Age Adjusted Rate) For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Assault (homicide) (X85–Y09,Y87.1)"
Homicide Rate (Crude Rate)Homicide Rate (Crude Rate) For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Assault (homicide) (X85–Y09,Y87.1)"
Cancer Deaths (Crude Rate)Cancer Deaths Crude Rate; For ICD10 Cause of Death Code(s) = "Malignant neoplasms (C00-C97)" Crude Rate
Birth RateRate per 1,000 women 15-44 years. Birth rates presented are calculated using Census 2000-based population estimates.
Teen Suicide RateTeen Suicide Rate Ages 15-24


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