A

 Collection Tube Abbreviations

  RT  =  Plain Red top

  GYT  =  Gray top
   PPT  =  Pearl top   YT  =  Yellow top
  BLT  =  Blue top   GRN  =  Green top
  LT  =  Lavender top   SGRN  =  Special Green
  RBL  =  Royal Blue top   PT  =  Pink top
Test
(TEST CODE)
 
Lab
Section

Special Requirements

 
Reference Ranges and Critical Values Testing Schedule and Expected
Turnaround
Time
ABO & Rh Blood Group Typing  BBK 1 LT and order sheet initialed by blood collector. For massive transfusion or coagulopathy - Call CP Resident (688-2820) 24 hrs/7 days
Results: 4 hrs
STAT: 10 min
Abscess/Wound Culture
and Gram Stain
(AWCLT)
Micro Pus and or drainage collected in Sterile, no additive, leakproof,

leakproof container or needle aspirate are preferred. (Swabs are not optimal) 

Decontaminate the skin surface, collect purulent material aseptically from undrained abscesses using a sterile needle and syringe. Alternately, open abscess with scalpel and collect expressed material with syringe or swab. Open wounds will require proper cleansing with removal of scab or existing exudate and the collection of tissue from the leading edge of the wound. Culture swabs are not the collection device of choice, however are frequently submitted due to ease of collection.

Negative Daily
Results: 48-72 hours
ACE {Angiotensin Converting Enzyme}
(ACENZ)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Acetaminophen 
(ACET)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Light Green  10-30 µg/mL

Critical Value
> 30 µ
g/mL
24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Acetone, Urine
(Included with Routine Urinalysis)
Heme 8 ml fresh void urine Negative
24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Acetylcholine Receptor Binding Antibody
(ARBIN)
Ref
 
6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Acetylcholine Receptor Blocking Antibody
(ARBLK)
Ref
 
6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Acetylcholine Receptor Modulating Antibody
(ARMAB)
Ref
 
6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Acid Fast Bacillus Culture and AFB Stain
(AFCLT)
Micro

Sputum (more than 5cc), bronchial washings, bronchial lavage, gastric aspirate, urine (50-100 mL), 1-5 mL CSF, body fluid, tissue, submitted in a sterile, leakproof container. Prefer early morning specimens of urine and sputum (3 consecutive days optimum for sputum). For blood see "AFB Blood Culture"

(Swabs are not acceptable and cause for rejection of specimen.) 

Negative

Physician and infection control will be called with Positive results. 

M-F.

Results: 6-8 weeks
Acid Hemolysin
[Ham Test]
Ref See Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Screen   Mailout:1-4 days
Acid Phosphatase,
Total Serum
(ACIDP)
Ref 5 ml blood, RT on ice.
Separate serum from cells and freeze ASAP
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
ACTH
(ACTH2)   
Ref 5 ml blood, 2 LT on ice ARUP TEST DIRECTORY
 
Mailout:  1-2 days
Actinomyces (Anaerobe Culture) and Gram Stain
(ANCLT)
Micro

Anaerobe transport media or deliver immediately. Includes gram stain.

Mark requisition for Actinomyces culture. 

Negative Daily
Results: 10 days
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
(APTT)
Coag 3.5 ml blood, 1 BLT
Specimen amount is critical to maintain proper ratio of blood to anticoagulant.
23.0 -36.9 seconds

Critical Value: 
< 18 sec
= 90 sec (No Heparin)
= 140 sec (on Heparin)
24hrs/7days
Results: 2 hour
s
STAT: 1 hour
Acute Leukemia Panel Flow 1 LT, Bone marrow aspirate, Biopsy, Tissue or Body Fluid  Interpretive report.
Includes enumeration of blasts with T cell, B cell and myelo/monocytic cell markers
M-F
Results: 24-48 hrs
Adenosine Deaminase
 
Ref 1 ml body fluid ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 10-14 days
Adenovirus Antibody
(REF)
Ref 5ml blood, 1 Gold top  ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Adenovirus Culture
ACH See Culture, Adenovirus
 
Adenovirus Plasma (ADEVP)   1 tall lavender   Mailout
Adenovirus Urine (ADEVU)   Random urine   Mailout
ADH {Antidiuretic Hormone/Vasopressin} Ref 10 ml blood, 2 LT
Critical frozen
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Adrenal Antibody Ref 7 ml blood, 1 large RT ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 7-10 days
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
(ACTH)   
Ref 5 ml blood, 2 LT on ice ARUP TEST DIRECTORY
 
Mailout:  1-2 days
AFB Blood Culture
(AFBBC)
Micro

  Peripheral blood, 10 mL Isolator tube (obtained through the Omni system) or 1.5 mL pediatric Isolator tube.

Bone Marrow: 1.5mL Isolator tube. 

Negative

Physician and infection control will be called with Positive results. 

M-F
Results: 6-8 wks
AFB Culture and AFB Stain
(AFCLT)
Micro

Sputum (more than 5cc), bronchial washings, bronchial lavage, gastric aspirate, urine (50-100 mL), 1-5 mL CSF, body fluid, tissue, submitted in a sterile, leakproof container. Prefer early morning specimens of urine and sputum (3 consecutive days optimum for sputum). For blood see "AFB Blood Culture"

(Swabs are not acceptable and cause for rejection of specimen.) 

Negative

Physician and infection control will be called with Positive results. 

M-F

Results: 6-8  wks
AFB  Susceptibilities, MTB
 
Ref Performed at Reference Lab Results: 2-3 wks
AFB Susceptibilities (other than MTB) Ref Performed at Reference lab (upon request only) Results: 2-3 wks
AFB Smear Only
(AFBSM)
Micro

Sputum (more than 5cc) in a sterile, leakproof transport container.

Must have had a previous positive culture. 

Negative

Physician and infection control will be called with Positive results. 

M-F
Results: 24-72 hrs
AFP [Alpha Fetoprotein, Tumor Marker]
(AFP2)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top 0.0 - 8.0 ng/mL

Reference interval is for males and non-pregnant females

M, W, F 

ALA [Aminolevulinic Acid], Urine
(URALA)
Ref Random or 24 hour urine.
Protect from strong light.
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Albumin, Body Fluid
(BFALB)
Ref 1 ml body fluid
Keep refrigerated
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Albumin
Adults
(ALB)
Neonates
(ALBP)
Chem Adults: 5 ml blood, 1 Light Green

Neonates: 1 amber or green bullet tube
3.5 - 5.0 g/dL

Neonates:3.5-5.5 g/dL

24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Alcohol, Serum
(ALC)
Chem See Ethanol
Alcohol [Volatiles] Screen
 
Chem See Delta Osmolality
Aldolase 
(ALDL)
Ref 5 ml blood; 1 Gold top
Freeze Serum 
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Aldosterone, Serum
(ALDST) 

Aldosterone, Urine
(UALDO)

Ref 6 ml blood, 1 RT or
24 hr urine (bottle Type II)
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Alkaline Phosphatase
Adults
(ALP) 
Neonates
(ALPP)
Chem Adults: 5 ml blood, 1 Light Green

Neonates: 1 green bullet tube

Adult:
32-91 IU/L

Neonatal:
40 - 120 IU/L

24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Alkaline Phosphatase Isoenzymes, Heat Fractionation
 
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 RT or 1 GRN
Separate serum from cells ASAP and freeze 
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Alkali Denaturation Test
 
See Hemoglobin F.
Alpha-1-Antitrypsin
(A1ATR)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top  ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Phenotype
 
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Alpha-2-Macroglobulin Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Alpha Fetoprotein, Tumor Marker
(AFP2)
Chem See AFP    
Alpha Sub Unit, Free
(ASUB)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Plain red
Separate serum within 1 hr
Freeze serum
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 7-14 days
ALT 
Adults
(ALT)   
Neonates
(ALTP)
Chem Adults: 5 ml blood, 1 Light Green

Neonates: 1 green or amber bullet tube

Adult:
5 – 45 IU/L

Neonates:
5 - 40 IU/L

24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr

 
Aluminum, Serum
(ALUM)
Ref 7 ml blood, Royal Blue,  no additives.  Separate serum from cells ASAP ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Amikacin Level
Peak:
(AMIKP)
Trough:
(AMIKT)
Random:
(AMIKR)

 

Ref 5 ml blood, 1 RT
labeled as peak, trough or random.  Do not use separator tubes or gels.

See TDM Guidelines

ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Amino Acids, Quant. Plasma Ref 2 GRN (sodium or lithium heparin).  Freeze plasma ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-10 days
5-Aminolevulinic Acid {ALA}, Urine
(URALA)
Ref Random or 24 hour urine
Protect from light
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-10 days
Aminophylline {Theophylline}
 
Chem See Theophylline
Amiodarone & Metabolite
(AMIDM)
Ref 7 ml blood, RT no additives ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Amitriptyline/Nortriptyline Fractionation
(AMI/N)

Ref 10 ml blood, 1 RT 
Refrigerate serum.
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7days

 
Ammonia
(NH4)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Green top (lithium heparin)
PUT ON
ICE AND TRANSPORT IMMEDIATELY
11-35 µMol/L
 
24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Amniotic Fluid OD-450 Scan
(SCAN)
Ref Amniotic Fluid. 
Do not spin.
Use brown plastic tube or protect from light.
 
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 1-2 days
Amobarbital Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
 
Thera: 1-8 µg/mL Mailout: 5-7 days
Amoeba, Stool Ref See Ova & Parasite Exam Negative

Daily

Results: Upon receipt from ADH 

Amoebic Antibody
(AMAB)
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Amoxapine and Metabolite Ref 10 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Requires 3 ml serum minimum
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-10 days
Amphetamine, Urine
(AMPH)
Chem Random urine.
 
Negative
This is a screening test.  These results should not be used for forensic or for pre-employment purposes.
 
24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Amphetamine & Methamphetamine, Serum
(AMP+M)
Ref 7 ml blood, RT ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-10 days
Amylase, Body Fluid
(FAMY)
 
Chem 3 ml fluid, 
Indicate source of fluid.
Accepted Body Fluids:
  Pleural Fluid
  Dialysate
  Diagnostic Peritoneal
        Lavage
  Davol Drainage
  Ascitic/Peritoneal Fluid
 
Not established 24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Amylase
(AMY)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Light Green 28-100 U/L 24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Amylase, Urine
(UAMY)
Chem 24 hr timed collection, bottle type 1 obtained from Lab. 24-408 U/24hr 24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2-4 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Amylase Isoenzymes
(AMYIS)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top  ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anaerobe Culture
(ANCLT)
Micro

Anaerobe transport media or transport to Clinical Lab immediately. Includes gram stain.

Pus and or drainage collected in sterile, no additive, leakproof container or needle aspirate are preferred. (Swabs are not optimal) 

Decontaminate the skin surface, collect purulent material aseptically from undrained abscesses using a sterile needle and syringe. Alternately, open abscess with scalpel and collect expressed material with syringe or swab. Open wounds will require proper cleansing with removal of scab or existing exudate and the collection of tissue from the leading edge of the wound.

§   Anaerobic culture swabs are not the collection device of choice, however are frequently submitted due to ease of collection.

§   Must also have an aerobic culture ordered.

§   Use of anaerobic transport media is required.

§   Place specimen in anaerobic transport media if available. Otherwise, place in a sterile leakproof container and transport to the Microbiology laboratory promptly.

§   Unacceptable specimens: specimens from body sites with normal anaerobic flora (throat, mouth, rectum); urine (clean catch, catheterized); cervix, placenta, IV catheter tips.

Negative Daily

Result:  5 days

ANCA Panel {MPO/PR3 Antibodies}
(ANCAP)
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Refrigerate serum
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-10 days
Androstenedione
(ANDST)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 RT, 1Gold top or 1 LT
Freeze serum or plasma.
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Angel Dust {PCP, Phencyclidine}, Urine
(PCP)
Chem See PCP
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme {ACE}, Serum
(ACENZ)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Freeze serum.
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme, CSF
(ACESF)
Ref 1 ml CSF, frozen ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Adrenal Antibody Ref 7 ml blood, 1 large RT ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 7-10 days
Antibiotic Level
(ANTIB)
Ref 10 ml blood, RT using sterile technique.  Blood must NOT be anticoagulated.  Separate serum and freeze ASAP. ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 3-5 days
Antibody Screen
[Indirect Coombs Test; Indirect Anti-Human Globulin Test]
(IAT)
BBK 1 EDTA tube and order sheet initialed by blood collector. 
 
Detection of clinically significant blood group allo-antibodies. 24 hrs/ 7 days
STAT: 30 min
Antibody Titer [Isohemagglutinin Titer]
(ABTI)
BBK 1 EDTA tube and order sheet initialed by blood collector. Interpretive; primarily prenatal studies for clinically significant antibodies capable of causing HDN. 24hrs/7days
Anti-Cardiolipin Antibodies, IgG & IgM
(ACAGM)
Ref 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
 
Anti-CCP Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold Top Tube Negative: <3.0 U/mL M-F
Results: 24 hrs
Anti-Centromere Antibody
(CNTB)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Negative <1.0 AI.
Positive   ≥1.0 AI.
M-F

 

Anti-Chromatin Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold Top Tube 0.0-9.0 A.I.
Negative: <1.0
Positive:   ≥1.0
M-F
Results: 24 hrs

   

Antidiuretic Hormone [ADH,
Vasopressin]
Ref 2 LT on ice.  Freeze plasma. ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-DNA
(DNA)
Imm See Doublestranded DNA
Anti-DNase B Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Separate serum from cells ASAP 
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-ENA
{Extractable Nuclear Antigens}
See Antibodies to Extractible Nuclear Antigens
Anti-Freeze
{
Ethylene Glycol}
Ref See Ethylene Glycol
See Delta Osmolality Screen
Anti-Fungal Susceptibility
 
Ref Performed at Reference lab (upon request only) Results: 5-7 days
Antihuman Globulin Test, Adult [Direct Coombs Test]
(DDC)
  
BBK 1 EDTA tube and order sheet initialed by blood collector.  Profile includes monospecific AHG Eluate (antibody ID of the eluate) & interpretation. 24hrs/7days
Antihuman Globulin Test, Neonate [Direct Coombs Test]
(DAT)
BBK 1 EDTA tube of cord specimen or venous blood.  Tube and order sheet initialed by blood collector. Detection of hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN).  Eluates performed as indicated. 24hrs/7days
Anti-Jo-1 (JO1)   See Jo-1 Antibody IgG    
Anti-Microsomal Antibody   See Thyroid Peroxidase (TPO) Antibody    
Anti-Mitochrondrial Antibody, IgG
(MITAB)
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Separate serum from cells ASAP
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Myeline Associated Globulin {anti-MAG Antibody}
 
Ref 7 ml blood, 1 large RT ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Myocardial Antibody, IgG Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Separate serum from cells ASAP
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Myosin Antibody 
 
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 RT or Gold top Negative = <1:10 Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Nuclear Antibody
(ANAT1)
Imm 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top = 1:80 T & Th
Antinuclear Antibodies Screen
(ANASC)-Positive gives reflex to complete ANA Panel
-(DNA, SSA,SSB,Sc10, Jo-1, Chrom, RNP,SM-AG, SMRNP, Cent B, and RIBP)
(ANASC)- Positive give reflex to complete ANA Panel and IFA
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Negative: "Negative for DNA, SSA, SSB, Sc170, Jo-1, Chrom, RNP, SM-AG, SMRNP, Cent B, and RIB P"
Equivocal for DsDNA: "Equivocal result for DsDNA with negative results for other ANA antibodies"
Positive: "Positve for one or more ANA antibodies"
M-F
Anti-Ovary Antibody
 
Ref See Ovarian Antibodies
Anti-Parietal Cell Antibody, IgG
(PC-AB)
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Separate serum from cells ASAP
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Phosphatidylserine
Antibody
Ref RT or Gold top
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Platelet Antibodies, Indirect Ref 10 ml blood
RT, LT or  yellow (ACD)
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days

Anti-Reticulin Antibody, IgA Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Separate serum from cells ASAP
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-SCL-70 Antibody
(SCL70)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Negative <1.0 A.I.
Positive   ≥1.0 A.I.
M-F
Anti-Smith Antibody
(SMABG)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Negative <1.0 A.I.
Positive   ≥1.0 A.I.
M-F
Anti-Smooth Muscle Antibody, IgG
(SMAB)
Ref 6 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-SmRNP
(SMRNP)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Negative <1.0 A.I.
Positive   ≥1.0 A.I.
M-F
Anti-SSA
(SSA)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Negative <1.0 A.I.
Positive   ≥1.0 A.I.
M-F
Anti-SSB
(SSB)
Chem 5 ml blood, 1 gold top Negative <1.0 A.I.
Positive   ≥1.0 A.I.
M-F
Antistreptococcal Hyaluronidase Ref 5 ml blood, 1 RT or Gold top Negative: <1:256 Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Streptolysin 0
(ASOTI)
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Striated Muscle Antibody, IgG
(STRMA)
Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top
Separate serum from cells ASAP
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Anti-Thrombin III
(AT3A1)
Special Coag 3.5 ml blood, 1 BLT
Specimen amount is critical to maintain proper ratio of blood to anticoagulant.

Adults: 80 - 120%
Pediatrics:
  54 - 80%

3-5 days
APCR (Activated Protein C Resistance)
(APCR1)
Special Coag 3.5 ml blood, 1BLT Specimen amount is critical to maintain proper ratio of blood to anticoagulant. >2.0 Ratio 3-5 days
Apolipoprotein B/A Ratio Ref 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top, fasting sample recommended.  Separate serum from cells ASAP.  ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Arsenic, Blood
(ASBL)
Ref 7 ml blood, 1 EDTA Royal blue top
 
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Arthritis Panel
(ARTHP)
Includes Uric acid, ESR, ANA, RF
Chem
Heme
Ref
1 LT, 1 Gold top, 1 Light Green See specific tests for reference ranges and expected turnaround times
Ascites Fluid Culture Micro 
 
See Culture, Body Fluid      
Ascorbic Acid {Vitamin C}  Ref 10 ml blood, 2 GRN
Requires special transport tube.  FREEZE PLASMA  
ARUP TEST DIRECTORY Mailout: 5-7 days
Aspartate Amino Transferase [AST] See AST
Aspergillus  EIA
(ASPRG)
Imm 5 ml blood, 1 Gold top Normal range:
    Negative
 

Critical Value: 
     Positive

M- F
Cutoff: 7 am
Results: 24-48 hrs
Aspirin {Salicylate}, Serum
(SAL)
Chem See Salicylate
AST
Adults
(AST)
Neonates
(ASTP)
Chem Adults: 5 ml blood, 1 Light Green

Neonates: 1 green bullet tube
Adults:15-41 IU/L

Neonates: 6-25 IU/L
24 hrs/ 7 days
Results: 2 hrs

STAT: 1 hr
Autoantibodies, Warm
 
BBK Call Blood Bank for consultation (686-5867) Negative, Interpretive report Results: Call Blood Bank
Autohemolysin, Cold
[
Paroxysmal  Cold Hemoglobinuria]
(PCH)
BBK Call Blood Bank for consultation (686-5867) Negative; Interpretive report Results: Call Blood Bank
Autologous Donation  ARC Call the American Red Cross for consultation (614-4433)  

 

Updated 10.4.2012

 

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