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Publications

(Chronological order)

MOST RECENT:

Microglia: a newly discovered role in visceral hypersensitivity? Carl Y. Saab, Jing Wang, Chunping Gu, Kirsten N. Garner and Elie D. Al-Chaer. Neuron Glia Biology 2: 271-277, 2006. (doi:10.1017/S1740925X07000439)


PUBLISHED


A. ARTICLES IN PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS

1. Al-Chaer, E.D., Lawand, N.B., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Visceral nociceptive input into the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the thalamus: a new function of the dorsal column. J. Neurophysiol. 76:2661-2674, 1996.

2. Al-Chaer, E.D., Lawand, N.B., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Pelvic visceral input into the nucleus gracilis is largely mediated by the postsynaptic dorsal column pathway. J. Neurophysiol. 76: 2675-2690, 1996.

3. Hirshberg, R.M., Al-Chaer, E.D., Lawand, N.B. Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Is there a pathway in the dorsal funiculus that signals visceral pain? Pain 67:291-305, 1996.

4. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Potentiation of thalamic responses to colorectal distension by visceral inflammation. NeuroReport 7:1635-1639, 1996.

5. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. The dorsal column: A possible role in visceral hyperalgesia. In Jensen, T.S., Turner, J.A. and Wiesenfield-Hallin, Z. (ed): Proceedings of the 8th world congress on pain, vol. 8, 1997, pp. 839-853. (Book Chapter).

6. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. The nucleus gracilis: an integrator for visceral and somatic information. J. Neurophysiol. 78:521 527, 1997.

7. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Effects of colon inflammation on the responses of postsynaptic dorsal column cells to visceral and cutaneous stimulation. NeuroReport 8: 3267-3273, 1997.

8. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y. and Willis, W.D. A role for the dorsal column in nociceptive visceral input into the thalamus of primates. J. Neurophysiol. 79 (6): 3143-3150, 1998.

9. Feng, Y., Cui, M., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Epigastric antinociception by cervical dorsal column lesion in rats. Anesthesiology 89 (2): 411-420, 1998.

10. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y. and Willis, W.D. A comparative study of viscerosomatic input onto postsynaptic dorsal column and spinothalamic tract neurons in the primate. J. Neurophysiol. 82 (4):1876-1882, 1999.

11. Saab C.Y., Makki A., Quast M., Wei J., Al-Chaer E.D., Willis W.D. Is the cerebellum involved in pain? In: Proceedings of the 9th World Congress on Pain, vol 16. IASP Press, Seattle, pp 515–522, 1999.

12. Willis, W.D., Al-Chaer, E.D., Quast, M. J. and Westlund, K. N. A visceral pain pathway in the dorsal column of the spinal cord. In: The Neurobiology of Pain. By: The National Academy of Sciences (USA). PNAS 96 (14): 7675-7679, 1999.

13. Al-Chaer, E.D., Kawasaki, M. and Pasricha, P.J. A new model of chronic visceral hypersensitivity: in adult rats induced by colon irritation during postnatal development. Gastroenterology 119: 1276–1285, 2000.

14. Saab C.Y., Kawasaki M., Al-Chaer E.D. and Willis, W.D. Cerebellar cortical stimulation increases spinal visceral nociceptive responses. J. Neurophysiol. 85(6): 2359-2363, 2001.

15. Zhang, H.Q., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Effect of tactile inputs on thalamic responses to noxious colorectal distension in rat. J. Neurophysiol. 88:1185-1196, 2002.

16. Zhang, H.Q., Rong, P.J., Zhang, S.P., Al Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Noxious visceral inputs enhance cutaneous tactile responses in rat thalamus. Neurosci. Lett. 336:109-112, 2003.

17. Lin, C. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Long-term sensitization of primary afferents in adult rats exposed to neonatal colon pain. Brain Res. 971: 73-82, 2003.

18. Kawasaki, M. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Intradermal capsaicin inhibits lumbar dorsal horn neuronal responses to colorectal distension. NeuroReport 14 (7): 985-9, 2003.

19. Arai, Y-C.P., Ueda, W. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Pre-anesthetic maternal separation increases pups' locomotor behavior during emergence from anesthesia in rats. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 48: 174-177, 2004.

20. Saab, C.Y., Arai, Y-C.P. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Modulation of visceral nociceptive processing in the lumbar spinal cord following thalamic stimulation or inactivation and after dorsal column lesion in rats with neonatal colon irritation. Brain Res. 1008 (2): 186-192, 2004.


B. REVIEWS

21. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y. and Willis, W.D. Visceral pain: a disturbance in the sensorimotor continuum? Pain Forum 7 (3): 117-125, 1998.

22. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Traub R.J. Biological basis of visceral pain: recent developments. Pain 96: 221-225, 2002.


C. ARTICLES ACCEPTED IN PRESS

23. Arai, Y-C.P., Ueda, W and Al-Chaer, E.D. Injury to dam before anesthesia to pup influences pups’ locomotor behavior during emergence from anesthesia in rats. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand


D. OTHER (BOOK CHAPTERS)

24. Willis, W.D., Al-Chaer, E.D., Quast, M. J. and Westlund, K. N. Evidence for the presence of a visceral pain pathway in the dorsal column of the spinal cord. In Somatosensory processing: from single neuron to brain imaging. Editors: Rowe, M.J. and Iwamura Y. pp. 51-75, 2001. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

25. Al-Chaer, E.D. Descending Modulation of Visceral Pain. In Descending Modulation of Spinal Nociceptive Processing. Section Editor: Ronald Dubner. Encyclopedic Reference of Pain. Schmidt R. and Willis W.D. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.

26. Al-Chaer, E.D. Visceral Pain / Irritable Bowel Syndrome Model. In Animal Models and Experimental Tests to Study Nociception and Pain. Section Editor: Jin Mo Chung. Encyclopedic Reference of Pain. Schmidt R. and Willis W.D. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.

27. Al-Chaer, E.D. Postsynaptic Dorsal Column Neurons, Responses to Visceral Input. In Ascending Transmission of Nociceptive Signals. Section Editor: Glenn J. Giesler Jr.. Encyclopedic Reference of Pain. Schmidt R. and Willis W.D. editors. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.


E. ABSTRACTS

1. Jabbur, S.J., El-Chaer, E., Atweh, S.F. and Saade, N.E. Activation of locus coeruleus neurons by dorsal column (DC) stimulation (st). Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1991, 17:292.

2. Al-Chaer, E.D., Saade, N.E., Atweh, S.F. and Jabbur, S.J. Dorsal column input into the nucleus locus ceoruleus in cat. Lebanese Association for the Advancement of Science Abstracts, 1992, 11:194.

3. Jabbur, S.J., Atweh, S.F., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Saade, N.E. Modulation of discharges of cuneate neurons (CN) by conditionning stimuli to the lateral and medial vestibular nuclei. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1993, 19:329.

4. Rees, H., Tsuruoka, M., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Excitation and inhibition of STT cells by stimulation of the pretectal region in the anesthetized primate. J. Physiol. Proc. 4760: 47, 1994.

5. Al-Chaer, E.D., Rees, H., Tsuruoka, M. and Willis, W.D. Facilitation of superficial STT cells by stimulation of the pretectal region in the primate. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1994, 20:548.

6. Hirshberg, R.M., Al-Chaer, E.D., Lawand, N.B., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Is there a pathway in the dorsal funiculus that signals visceral pain? 10th European Congress of Neurosurgery Abstracts, Berlin 1995.

7. Al-Chaer, E.D., Lawand, N.B., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. The dorsal column is more important for visceral pain than the spinothalamic tract? Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1995, 21:644.

8. Lawand, N.B., Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis W.D. Administration of morphine and CNQX in the rat sacral cord blocks the responses of dorsal column nuclei (DCN) cells to visceral but not to cutaneous stimulation. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1995, 21:644.

9. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. The dorsal column: a possible role in visceral hyperalgesia. International Association for the Study of Pain Abstracts, 1996

10. Westlund, K.N., Hirshberg, R.M., Lawand, N.B., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Anatomical evidence for a visceral pain pathway in the dorsal column. International Association for the Study of Pain Abstracts, 1996

11. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Modulation of viscero-somatic interactions in the thalamus by dorsal column input. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1996.

12. Westlund, Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. The nucleus gracilis (NG): a cross road for pelvic visceral and cutaneous inputs into the thalamus. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1996.

13. Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Effects of colon inflammation on neuronal responses to colorectal distension and cutaneous stimuli. Gulf Coast GI Research Forum, 1996.

14. Rees, H., Houghton, K.A. Chen, P.-S., Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Anterior pretectal inhibition is blocked by spinal administration of strychnine but not blocked by 2-adrenoceptor antagonists in the anaesthetized primate . J. Physl. Lon. 4950: 20, 1996.

15. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. The dorsal column: a role in nociceptive viscerosensory processing in the primate. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1997.

16. Lawand, N.B., Al-Chaer, E.D., Willis W.D. and Westlund, K.N. Metabotropic glutamate receptors in the knee joint: a possible role in peripheral sensitization. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1997.

17. Willis, W.D., Westlund, K.N. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Spinal pathways for colorectal input into the solitary nucleus. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1997.

18. Chen, P.S., Houghton, A.K., Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Responses of primate STT cells and rat dorsal horn cells to noxious cutaneous mechanical and thermal stimulation are inhibited by chemical stimulation of the anterior pretectal nucleus. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 1997.

19. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Visceral pain in the primate: a pathway in the dorsal column. Gulf Coast GI Research Forum, 1997.

20. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y., Wei, J., Gondesen, K., Willis, W.D. and Quast M. Brain activity during noxious visceral stimulation. Experimental Biology 1998 (FASEB).

21. Quast, M.J., Al-Chaer, E.D., Wei, J., Feng, Y., Illangasekare, N., Gonzalez, J.M., Deyo, D., Sell, S., Gondesen, K.J. and Willis, W.D. High resolution fMRI in a monkey model of visceral pain. International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 1998.

22. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Peripheral muscarinic receptors: a role in neuronal sensitization associated with colon inflammation. American Pain Society Abstracts, 1998.

23. Al-Chaer, E.D., Quast M., Feng, Y., Wei, J., Gondesen, K. Illangasekare, N., Deyo, D. and Willis, W.D. Visceral pain: an asymmetric function of the brain? Neurosci. Abstr. 24, p. 1389, 1998.

24. Al-Chaer, E.D., Feng, Y. and Willis, W.D. Quantitative basis for the dorsal column dominant role in visceral pain in the primate. Digestive Diseases Week Abstract, p A-900, 1998.

25. Winston, J., Shenoy, M., Micci, M.A., Toma, H., Al-Chaer, E.D., Hellmich, Embesi, H. J. and Pasricha, P.J. Tumor necrosis factor- sensitizes primary neonatal sensory neurons in culture: the potential role of NF-B in nociception. Gastroenterology 116 (4): G2854.

26. Al-Chaer, Elie D. and Pasricha, P.J. Transient colorectal irritation in the neonatal period produces long lasting visceral sensitization in rats: a potential model for IBS and other painful functional bowel disorders. Gastroenterology 116 (4): G4139.

27. Lu, C.L., Winston, J., Shenoy, M., Hellmich, H., Al-Chaer, Elie D., Saban, R., Saban, M., Lai, C.R. and Pasricha, P. J. Changes in neurotransmitter levels and gene expression after noxious mechanical stimulation of the rectum. Gastroenterology 116 (4): G4486.

28. Al-Chaer, E.D., Quast M., Feng, Y., Wei, J., Gondesen and Willis, W.D. Brain imaging of the long term effect of a midline myelotomy on the processing of visceral and somatic pain using fMRI. Ninth World Congress on Pain, Abstracts, p. 391, IASP Press, Vienna, Austria 1999.

29. Pasricha, P.J. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Neonatal colon irritation produces long lasting visceral hyperalgesia: a potential model for IBS in rats. Ninth World Congress on Pain, Abstracts, p. 392, IASP Press, Vienna, Austria 1999.

30. Saab, C.Y., Makki, A. A., Quast, M. J., Wei, J., Al-Chaer, E. D. and Willis, W. D. Is the cerebellum involved in pain? Ninth World Congress on Pain, Abstracts, p. 174, IASP Press, Vienna, Austria 1999.

31. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Pasricha, P.J. Recurring visceral hyperalgesia is mediated by a dynamic neural exchange along a dorsal horn – thalamus sensitized axis: a new model of IBS in rats. Society for Neuroscience, 29th Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Abstracts, p. 400, 1999.

32. Saab, C., Makki, A., Quast, M. J., Wei, J., Al-Chaer, E. D. and Willis, W. D. What might be the implications of pain processing by the cerebellum? Society for Neuroscience, 29th Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Abstracts, p. 145, 1999.

33. Zhang, H.Q., Al-Chaer, E.D., W.D. Willis and Chen, P.S. Electrophysiological evidence for referred pain in colorectal distension in rat. Society for Neuroscience, 29th Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Abstracts, p. 145, 1999.

34. Al-Chaer, Elie D. and Pasricha, P.J. A new animal model for chronic visceral hyperalgesia in rats. American Pain Society, 18th Annual Scientific Meeting, Program Book, p. 187, 1999.

35. Zhang, H.Q., W.D. Willis and Al-Chaer, E.D. Interactions between vibrotactile skin stimulation and colorectal pain. American Pain Society, 18th Annual Scientific Meeting, Program Book, p. 165, 1999.

36. Saab C.Y., Quast M.J., Wei J.N., Makki A., Al-Chaer E.D. and Willis W.D. Cerebellar activation induced by peripheral injection of capsaicin: a f-MRI / electrophysiology study. International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM), Pennsylvania, May, 1999.

37. Kawasaki M., Pasricha, P.J. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Blockade of NK1 receptors in the spinal cord reduces the hypersensitivity associated with colorectal distension in an animal model of the irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 118 (4) #4418, 2000.

38. Broussard, R.F., Kawasaki M. and Al-Chaer, E.D. The dorsal column of the spinal cord facilitates spinal neuronal sensitization associated with colorectal hypersensitivity in an animal model of the irritable bowel sydrome. Gastroenterology 118 (4) #5355, 2000.

39. Pasricha, P.J., Kawasaki M. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Evidence of central neuronal sensitization associated with colorectal hypersensitivity in an animal model of the irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 118 (4) #5480, 2000.

40. Al-Chaer, E.D., Pasricha, P.J. and Kawasaki M. Evidence of central neuronal sensitization associated with chronic visceral hypersensitivity residual to neonatal colon irritation in rats. Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, 2000.

41. Saab, C.Y., Kawasaki M., Masaad, C.A., Saade, N.E., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis W.D. Is the cerebellum involved in analgesia or Pain? Society for Neuroscience, 2000.

42. Saab C.Y., Kawasaki M, Al-Chaer E.D. and Willis W.D. Cerebellar modulation of spinal nociceptive responses: Can pain be influenced from the cerebellum? American Pain society, 19th Annual Scientific Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, November 2-5, 2000.

43. Al-Chaer, E.D., M. Kawasaki and R.F. Broussard. Does the dorsal column control access of visceral information to other sensory channels in the spinal cord? Society for Neuroscience, 2000.

44. Kawasaki M., Ushida, T. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Intradermal capsaicin attenuates responses of spinal cord neurons to colorectal distension: characteristics of viscerosomatic convergence or DNICs? Society for Neuroscience, 2000.

45. Al-Chaer, E.D. and M. Kawasaki. Rekindling of neuronal sensitization in the spinal cord by the dorsal column in an animal model of chronic visceral pain. American Pain Society, 2000.

46. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Y. Park. Sensitization of electromyographic responses in an animal model of chronic visceral hypersensitivity. Society for Neuroscience, 2001.

47. Park, Y. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Thoracolumbar neuronal sensitization in an animal model of chronic visceral hypersensitivity. Society for Neuroscience, 2001.

48. Park, Y. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Thalamic stimulation differentially modifies spinal neuronal responses to colorectal distension in rats with chronic visceral pain. The Journal of Pain 3(2) Supp.1: page 31, #722. American Pain Society, 2002.

49. Lin, C. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Primary afferent sensitization in an animal model of chronic visceral pain. The Journal of Pain 3(2) Supp.1: page 27, #706. American Pain Society, 2002.

50. Ma, H., Park, Y. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Functional outcomes of neonatal colon pain measured in adult rats. The Journal of Pain 3(2) Supp.1: page 27, #707. American Pain Society, 2002.

51. Park, Y. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Thoracolumbar neuronal sensitization to colon stimuli in Al-Chaer's animal model of chronic visceral pain. The Journal of Pain 3(2) Supp.1: page 27, #708. American Pain Society, 2002.

52. Lin, C. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Exploratory activity in female rats with neonatal colon irritation varies with the estrus cycle. International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP): August 2002, San Diego, CA.

53. Lin, C. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Sensitization of thoracolumbar primary afferent responses to colorectal distension (CRD) in an animal model of chronic visceral pain. Program No. 451.10. 2002 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2002. CD-ROM.

54. Hinze, C.L., Lin C. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Estrous cycle and stress related variations of open field activity in adult female rats with neonatal colon irritation (CI). Program No. 155.14. 2002 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2002. CD-ROM.

55. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Lin, C. Sex-related differences in exploratory activity in adult rats exposed to neonatal colon pain. Program No. 482.8. 2003 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2003. CD-ROM.

56. Lin, C. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Differential effects of NMDA and non-NMDA receptor antagonists on visceroceptive dorsal horn neurons in adult rats exposed to neonatal colon pain. Program No. 482.9. 2003 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2003. CD-ROM.

57. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Park, Y-C. Sensitization of spinal thoracolumbar neurons to colon stimuli in adult rats exposed to neonatal colon pain. DDW, W1429, Gastroenterology 2003.

58. Wang, J., Peng, Xin and Al-Chaer, E.D. Sex-related differences in visceral sensitivity in adult rats with neonatal colon pain. Gastroenterology 126 (4) (Suppl. 2): A-161 (S1090), 2004.

59. Wang, J., Xie J. and Al-Chaer, E.D. Plastic changes in the role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the behavioral responses to colorectal distension (CRD) in adult rats exposed to neonatal colon irritation (CI). Gastroenterology 126 (4) (Suppl. 2): A-161 (S1091), 2004.

60. Xie, J., Song, R.H., Wang, J., and Al-Chaer, E.D. Up-regulation of NR1 subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in adult rats with neonatal colon irritation and behavioral implications. Gastroenterology 126 (4) (Suppl. 2): A-161 (S1103), 2004.

61. J. Wang, E.D. Al-Chaer. ROLE OF N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE (NMDA) RECEPTORS IN SENSITIZATION OF A - AND C- PRIMARY AFFERENT FIBERS TO COLORECTAL DISTENSION (CRD) IN ADULT RATS EXPOSED TO NEONATAL COLON IRRITATION (CI) Program No. 172.10. 2004 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004.

62. J. Xie, J. Wang, E.D. Al-Chaer. ROLE OF N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE (NMDA) RECEPTORS IN THE VISCERAL HYPERSENSITIVITY OF ADULT RATS EXPOSED TO NEONATAL COLON IRRITATION (CI) Program No. 172.11. 2004 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004.

63. R.H. Song, J. Xie, J. Wang, E.D. Al-Chaer. DIFFERENTIAL REGULATION OF NR1 SUBUNIT OF N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE (NMDA) RECEPTOR IN THE SPINAL CORD (SC) AND DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA (DRG) OF ADULT RATS EXPOSED TO NEONATAL COLON PAIN AND BEHAVIORAL IMPLICATIONS Program No. 172.12. 2004 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004.

64. X. Peng, J. Wang, E.D. Al-Chaer. SEX-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN VISCERAL SENSITIVITY IN ADULT RATS WITH NEONATAL COLON PAIN Program No. 172.13. 2004 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004.


MANUSCRIPTS IN PREPARATION:

1. Al-Chaer, E.D., Kawasaki, M. and Broussard, R.F. Rekindling of neuronal sensitization in the spinal cord by the dorsal column in an animal model of chronic visceral pain. J. Neurophysiol. (Undergoing revision).

2. Al-Chaer, E.D., Quast M., Feng, Y., Wei, J., Gondesen, K. Illangasekare, N., and Willis, W.D. Brain imaging during noxious visceral stimulation: long term effect of a limited midline myelotomy. J. Neurosci. (submitted).

3. Chen, P.S., Houghton, A.K., Rees, H., Al-Chaer, E.D., Tsuruoka, M., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Evidence of anterior pretectal nucleus evoked inhibition of primate spinothalamic cells using both electrical and chemical stimulation. J. Neurophysiol. (submitted).

4. Lawand, N.B., Al-Chaer, E.D., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. The role of peripheral ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors in inducing and mediating knee joint inflammation in the cat. J. Neurophysiol. (submitted).

5. Zhang, H.Q., Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Effect of tactile inputs on thalamic responses to nociceptive colorectal distension in rat.

6. Al-Chaer, E.D. and Willis, W.D. Visceral information flow into the nucleus tractus solitarius: spinal and extraspinal pathways.

7. Rees, H., Al-Chaer, E.D., Tsuruoka, M. Chen, P.-S., Houghton, A.K., Westlund, K.N. and Willis, W.D. Effect of spinal adrenergic antagonists on anterior pretectal inhibition in the anaesthetized primate.

8. Al-Chaer, E.D., Saade, N.E., Atweh, S.F. and Jabbur, S.J. Dorsal column input into the nucleus locus ceoruleus in cat.

9. Al-Chaer, E.D., Saade, N.E., Atweh, S.F. and Jabbur, S.J. Modulation of discharges of cuneate neurons (CN) by conditioning stimuli to the lateral and medial vestibular nuclei.
 


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